Home » Cherries: type properties and 10 easy recipes

Cherries: type properties and 10 easy recipes

by Ada Parisi
5 min read
Cheese cake variegata all'amarena, senza cottura

Cherries: calorie properties types and 10 easy-to-miss recipes. Who doesn't love cherry trees? Red, luscious and sweet, are among the most loved fruits and today we delve into their nutritional properties, types and of course we prepare a lot SWEETS WITH CHERRIES. Cherry is the fruit of the cherry (Prunus avium), plant originating in Asia Minor. It is one of the oldest fruit trees and there are evidences of its existence since prehistoric times: it was the birds, migrations, to spread it around the world, and today it is cultivated mainly in Europe. It belongs to the Rosacee family, the same as apricots, Meli, plums and peaches. Its trees can reach a height of 20 meters and in spring they are filled with wonderful white flowers: Cherry blossoms are famous in Japan.

The cherry is a rounded drupa, juicy and smooth-skinned. From Prunus avium and Prunus cerasus, all varieties of cherries are derived by selection. There are cherries “tender” sweets, meaty and sugary, normally red but also yellow, with thin skin. And there are cherries “duracine” Acidic, dark red that grow in harsh climates, like bitters, more suitable for cooking than for consumption by raw. Perfect to be put in spirit or to make tarts or the yummy CHERRIES' JAM. And now let's see together types and properties of cherries in addition to 10 easy recipes not to miss.

Season to season in May: fruit, vegetables and fish to buy

The most common types of cherries

Over 80% of the world's cherry production is European and Italy can boast different types of cherries, two of them Igp-branded and one at Dop. Their seasonality runs from mid-May to the end of June, including some late varieties.

  • Etna Dop cherry, very sweet and large-sized
  • Vignola's Black Durone, dark-blackish red, very firm and crispy, sweet-tasting. Is’ one of the last seasonal varieties and is harvested at the end of June.
  • Cherry Marostica Igp, Red, round and fleshy firm
  • Graffioni or Bigarreaux, it's one of the early varieties, begin to mature from mid-May. They are large and deep red.
  • Vignola Igp's cherry, bright red and dark red and firm and crispy flesh
  • Moretta di Vignola (Slow Food), slightly sour and soft-fleshed
  • Railway Cherries, a tender variety grown mainly in Puglia, large-scale, Juicy pulp and bright red color
  • Mora di Verona or Mora di Cazzano, sweet and slightly ovoid-shaped
  • Mount Cherry, a two-tone bell variety, between pinkish yellow and dark red. Yellow pulp.
  • Black Anella's Durone, variety that matures at the end of June, sweet and bright red

In addition to the varieties grown, wild cherries also exist, dark red and tending to black, meaty and with a sour and tannic taste due to the presence of substances with astringent properties.

Tips for buying and storing cherries

Attention at the time of purchase: the cherries you buy have to be ripe because, once detached from the tree, don't mature any further. The advice is to choose meaty cherries, Sode, brightly colored and no dents, with the peduncles still green, unseated and withered. Because it means the cherries are no longer fresh.

The cherries are stored in the refrigerator, because they are an extremely perishable fruit. If they are soft pulp you keep less than the hard pulp ones. Is, having a very thin skin, absorb odors, So it's good to keep them in paper bags and away from foods with a strong scent like cheese or eggs. Cherries can be frozen, but they should then be used only after cooking.

Calories and nutritional properties of cherries

The cherries are yummy and, depending on variety and sweetness, relatively low-calorie: 100 grams of sweet cherries bring on average 72 calories compared to 50 calories of sour ones. Cherries are a fruit with many nutritional properties, few calories that vary depending on the types and perfect for preparing sweet or savory recipes.

Sweet cherries

  • 72 calories per 100 grams
  • 81% water
  • 17 grams of sugar
  • 1 gram fat
  • 1,2 grams of protein
  • 1,6 grams of fiber

Sour cherries

  • 50 calories per 100 grams
  • 86% water
  • 12 grams sugar
  • 0,3 grams of fat
  • 1 gram protein
  • 1,2 grams fiber

Sweet cherries are good source of vitamin A, B, C and E, as well as potassium, zinc copper and manganese. While wild cherries are attributed diuretic properties, remineralizing, anti-rheumatics, antiarthritis and slightly laxative. The detoxifying and diuretic properties contained mainly in pigeons are known, which can be used to prepare infusions. The presence of anthococans hinders cellular aging.

10 easy and delicious recipes with cherries

There are plenty of recipes for sweets not to be missed with cherries, why both cherries and cherries are an inexhaustible source of inspiration in the kitchen. I'll just tell you 10, and I remind you that you can use them in both sweets and savoury dishes, for example as an ingredient in sauces and reductions (as the VISCIOLE SAUCE for the duck breast). They lend themselves perfectly well to be stored in the form of Jam or in spirit. The acidiest varieties are better suited for cooking, while the sweetest and crispiest ones are perfect in the wild, in fruit salads or for short and delicate cooking.

Among the tastiest and easiest sweets to make with cherries is definitely the CLAFOUTIS, NEW AUSTRALIA , a sweet of French origin. Is’ a kind of cooked cream that's easy to prepare, as you can see from the VIDEO RECIPE, perfect with crispy and sweet cherries like Vignola's Duroni. Very simple even the CREAM OF CREAM, YOGURT AND CINNAMON CHERRIES, to prepare with railway cherries. Perfect for an impromptu snack: a spoon cake so greedy that children will also like it, ready in 10 minutes.

If you want to use cherries to create soft and delicious breakfast cakes, In the first place there is definitely the SOFT CAKE WITH RICOTTA CREAM AND CHERRIES: a soft dough that encloses ricotta cream and fresh cherries. For those who love the most complex tastes, here's the CAKE WITH CHERRIES AND SUGAR CANE, aromatic and very soft. In either case you can choose a variety of tender and soft-fleshed cherry, with a slight acidity.

Among the easy recipes with cherries are the tarts, that are long preserved and can also be served as a dessert after a lunch or dinner. My favorite is the LEMON CREAM TART AND CHERRIES. A soft and aromatic lemon cream, sweet at the right point, marries with cherries: in this case I recommend the black and succulent Vignola hardwoods. The BALSAMIC VINEGAR CHERRY TART contains vinegar and black pepper, and it has an original and very pronounced spice.

Cherries can also be the protagonists of elegant and refined desserts, like the delicate and greedy PANNA COTTA WITH CHERRIES AND LEMON, a spoon cake with a fresh taste and a creamy texture. Or the ROLL BLACK FOREST, an original interpretation of the famous Mitteleuropea cake, with chocolate biscuit, cream and cherries. In this case I suggest you use black cherries, pulpy, crispy and large.

For those lucky enough to find the cherries here is the CHEESE CAKE VARIEGATED TO THE CHERRIES, that you can prepare of course also with cherries: it's a dessert without cooking, creamy and greedy. It has an extraordinary taste and will make all your guests happy. Finally, for those who love ice cream and semi-cold, here is the SEMIFREDDO OF RICOTTA WITH CHERRY: you can use both fresh cherries, both those in spirit. Now you know all about cherries: calorie properties types and the 10 easy recipes you absolutely have to try.

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Marie 26 May 2020 - 08:56

Ada Bonjour. I would like advice from you. I have a cherry tree of the Vignola variety., with firm pulp. They can also be used for jam ? If you, I would have a recipe ? They can also be put in the spirit ? Thanks. And have a nice day. Marie

Ada Parisi 27 May 2020 - 10:16

Hello Marie, sure you can use them to make jam. In fact you find a recipe here on the site looking “Cherry jam”. On the front of the in spirit I can't help you, because I don't love, for security reasons, do at home under pressure or in spirit or preparations that do not require boiling. I envy you the tree! A warm greeting


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